Dental science, also called dental biology and dental medicine, is an area of medicine which includes the study, diagnosis, treatment, prevention of dental diseases, disorders, infections, and diseases of the dental structure. The primary objective of this field is to understand the relationships among the dental structures, dental function, physiological processes, and other factors. Dental science also involves the application of knowledge from other disciplines to improve dental health. The progress of dental science can be measured by the improvement of dental health and the prevention of dental diseases, such as cavities, periodontal diseases, gum problems, oral cancer, and complications of diabetes.
Dental science can be divided into specialized areas or discipline in which all the practitioners in dentistry belong. These include pediatric dentistry, head and neck dentistry, pediatric dental surgery, periodontal dentistry, orthodontic dentists, cosmetic dentists, dental hygienists, oral surgeons, pediatric dentists, rheumatologist dentists, otolaryngologist dentists, forensic dentists, oral surgeons, pediatric dentists, rabies dentists, cosmetic dentists, orthodontists, dental surgery doctors, pediatric dentists, and physical therapists. Professional goals of practicing dentists may be to achieve success in their specific specialty or to promote public health through prevention and enhancement of oral, dental, and neurological health. Many of these practitioners have personal goals that are driven by their commitment to the practice of science and technology.
The field of dentistry covers a broad range of occupations and includes the diagnosis, preventive, and maintenance of oral and dental treatments. Oral diseases are mainly caused by pathological conditions like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other organisms. Preventive dental treatments aim at preventing diseases before their onset. A major objective of treatment is to decrease the risks for systemic and local diseases of the entire body. Pediatric dentists focus on the development, treatment, and prevention of pediatric oral diseases.
Dentistry incorporates various specialized fields such as periodontal, orthodontic, cosmetic, pediatric, dental, biomedical, oral surgery, oral radiology, pediatric dental medicine, and the allied medical specialties. A student interested in entering any of these fields should complete the associate degree in an accredited dental school. Some of these courses include microbiology, periodontics, oral surgery, endodontics, jaw disorders, pediatric dentistry, dental genetics, dental imaging, dental pathology, dental physiology, dental pathophysiology, dental, surgical sciences, radiology, oral surgery, biometry, dental orthodontics, biostatistics, human biology, clinical dental surgery, pharmacology, physiology, statistics, research methodology, and professional ethics. Upon graduation from a dentist school, you will be expected to pass an extensive written examination as well as a comprehensive oral exam. Some colleges and schools also require that you have completed the associate degree program for one year before qualifying for admission into their dental school.
Most dentists who enter dental schools are expected to have an academic background in science, mathematics, chemistry, art, English, humanities, and psychology. In addition to taking courses that impart knowledge of pediatrics, nutrition, endodontics, periodontics, and oral diseases, they are required to participate in the remainder of their degree program in a broad range of electives and minors. Many dentists choose to specialize in a specific field of study.
The American Dental Association (ADA), which is the voice of the dental profession in the United States, strongly supports the professional qualifications of all dentists, through the creation of the dentist seal. Certified dentists participate in continuing education activities, such as seminars and conferences, in order to keep abreast of current research and to expand their knowledge of current educational standards and best practice. They also participate in a large number of professional and public service programs each year. At the conclusion of each year, dentists are required to complete a comprehensive exam given by the ADA which is based on written and oral examinations and which assesses both the knowledge skills, abilities, licensing and specialties of dentists.