Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is also known as LP gas, any of a number of volatile organic compounds of the fossilized hydrocarbons, particularly propylene, butane, pentanes, naphtha, and ethane. It was first utilized as an alternate fuel source around 1860, and its widespread use for both industrial and domestic use has expanded greatly since then.
gives off mechanical energy
This versatile gas is produced through an oxidation process using crude oil or crude gas, which takes place in an outside, closed-pit boiler. The temperature inside the boiler is increased to about 300 degrees C, with the gas passing through a catalyst. The catalyst has a triple carbon isotope of identical atomic weight, thus producing the chemical energy given off as gas by an oxidation reaction. This chemical energy is stored in the fuel cells of the vehicle being used, which in turn give off mechanical energy, specifically vibration.
alternative fuel source
There are many common uses of this clean, safe alternative fuel, such as in the operation of a mobile crane and other types of vehicles used for moving heavy materials. This can also be stored in tanks for intermittent use when not being used on the job site. Propane is usually gathered in large drums from oil rigs. The liquid propane gas is then compressed in the tanks until it becomes a liquid that can be combusted in an autogas engine. In the case of LPG, the liquid propane is stored in cylindrical tubes called polyethylene (PE), and the butane is combusted in an engine similar to an automobile diesel. Many people have found the efficiency of this clean-burning fuel as an alternative fuel source to be much more dependable than petroleum-based diesel.
support business operations
Many transportation companies around the country use natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas to support their business operations. They purchase both the liquid and the gas in bulk at strategic points and deliver them to remote areas. For many companies, cost savings are the primary motivator in using this alternative fuel source. Another advantage of these systems is that the truckers do not need to have access to their own storage tanks in order to provide this fuel to the customers. The companies that provide this service do so as a part of a revenue-sharing arrangement between the company and the haulers.
used in trucking applications
The two main types of liquid mixtures that are used in these trucking applications include propane and butane hydrocarbons. Each of these substances is typically delivered in either a can or in a liquid state, depending upon the delivery situation. The can, which is the most commonly utilized, is typically transported in large drums that are attached to the back of the truck. These drums are referred to as pilot tubes and when an accident occurs the crew members inspect the drum and manually add the fuel in increments according to the requirements of the manual. Generally, these types of liquids are delivered in the same container as the fuel, although some companies prefer to have separate containers for different liquids.
A common practice in the industry is for the technician who is transporting liquid propane or butane to manually place the can near the tank without making any effort to add pressure to the can, which causes the can to become unstable and eventually bursts. Because of this, the addition of additional pressure to the can, which is usually done manually, often results in the occurrence of a “butterfly effect” where the added pressure causes the can to burst or blow up – this is one of the reasons that the use of low heating gases is becoming more popular with trucking companies. Propane and butane are typically delivered in canisters that contain a small amount of liquid fuel – commonly referred to as a “bundle.” Although canisters are not generally required in this type of application, they are highly recommended due to their ease of handling and lack of potential explosion risk.